Worldwide first OLED chameleon
Large-area color variable OLED modules, whereby the light colors red, green and blue (RGB), which are required for the achievement of white mixed light, can be controlled separately, are at the top of the wish list of many illumination specialists.
Thus it is possible to generate any desired color, including white, with one and the same OLED module. Within the project LOIGB (LED and OLED integration into glass and plastic composites for the use in lighting systems for railway and further applications) the realization of large-area 3-color-variable OLED modules could be demonstrated.
The OLED modules have a diameter of 55 millimeters with an active light area of 42 millimeters. They were encapsulated with a full thin film, which enables the lamination of OLED modules in glass composites.
For the first time worldwide a transparent 2-color variable OLED, which can show a color gradient from blue to white to yellow, will be demonstrated during LOPEC 2015 at the Fraunhofer FEP booth. A possible field of application could be its use as the light source in a laminated glass sheet which serves as baggage compartment in trains. The company SBF Spezialleuchten GmbH, the coordinator of the project, is working on such solutions.
The possibilities for application of the results are extraordinarily versatile. In addition to the use in general lighting, e.g. in windows, wall elements or wallpapers, the color variable OLEDs are as well suitable for the interior vehicle lighting—especially for the ambient or accent lighting—in the automotive and rail vehicle industry. Besides, the aviation industry shows great interest in using this technology for ambient lighting within an aircraft cabin.
The results which were achieved in the project LOIGB provide a basis for further activities at Fraunhofer FEP. Currently, the scientists are working on the process development in order to achieve higher yield and reduce manufacturing costs as well as to realize the process transfer to a roll-to-roll system for flexible OLED. Moreover, the intuitive control of such lighting elements will become a priority. Compared to conventional light sources (on/off), the complex functionality (dimmability, color variation and dynamization through segments) requires new intuitive control possibilities. A simple control is absolutely necessary in order to achieve market acceptance for that innovative lighting technology.